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Today's 英字新聞 翻訳解説

Today's 英字新聞 翻訳、解説 Vol. 40

 
Quoted an Article of Japan Times
Thursday, June 17, 2010
翻訳: 川越潤一


【見出しと本文記事】
DPJ, LDP platforms test tax hike waters

The ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the opposition camp unofficially begin campaigning for the July 11 Upper House election, by releasing their platforms, and both sides seem to be dancing around a tax hike.
- skip the rest -

【引用記事】
http://search.japantimes.co.jp/mail/nn20100618a1.html
ya_03.gif リンク期限切れ時はページ最下記の FULL TEXT (全文)を参照してください。

【単語、解説】 本日の記事に合う日本語訳のみを載せています。
DPJ: Democratic Party of Japan 民主党 
LDP: 自民党
platform: 政治要綱 ※本日は、いわゆるマニフェストのことです。
hike: 値上げ ※動詞としてもよく使われます。
water: これは、“水” ではなく難しいもうひとつの名詞の意味で使われています。
優秀さの度合い です。

ruling: 支配する、支配的な ruling party で 与党 です。

opposition camp: 反対陣営
unofficially: 非公式に (un + officially)
campaigning: 選挙運動 ※campaign でも同じ名詞の意味です。
Upper House election: 参議院議員選挙

本日は英字新聞必須用語がてんこ盛りです。
慣れる意味でこういった記事はとてもいいです。毎日記事で何度も触れていると、自然と覚えるので、目くじら立ててそういった単語は覚えなくても嫌でも覚えてしまいます。

-----
hoshi1-1-6.gif ポイント

主語部分→ The ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the opposition camp
動詞部分→ unofficially begin
目的語部分→ campaigning for the July 11 Upper House election

※英字新聞読解のコツは、長い長い句になっている部分をそれぞれ一まとめにすることです。

chiisai-sozai-326.gif 原文の英文はbegin になっていますが、
本記事の翻訳は “始めた” と自然な日本文に意訳する為に過去形にしました。

【意訳】
民主党、自民党、マニフェストで増税案の優秀さを伺う

民主党と反対陣営は、それぞれのマニフェストを公表しながら、非公式に7月11日の参議院議員選挙運動にはいった。両陣営とも増税で右往左往しているようである。
- 以下省略 -

【あとがき】
本日に記事は、一見、非常に難解に見えます。訳せません。
でも、英字新聞記事としては決して難解な英文ではないと思います。問題はボキャブラリーです。本日は上記でも言ったように、英字新聞ではとてもよく目にする必須用語が連なっています。
ですので、英文時事問題に慣れていない人には、ちんぷんかんぷんに見えるかもしれません。
でも、いつも言うように、毎日読んでいれば嫌でも覚えます。書けなくても読めるようになると思います。ちょうど私たちが、漢字を書けなくても難しい漢字や時事用語を新聞ですらすら読むように。。。
そして、根気よく続けていれば、いずれは書くことさえもできるように。。。

PS
雨です。
今日は本当に蒸し暑かったです。
まだまだ序の口。梅雨も、夏もこれからが本番です。
現時点、天気予報では、明日から Thundershowers の文字が三日続けて、ずらっと並んでいます。
天気予報を読んでね。chiisai-sozai-326.gif Wether Forecast 天気予報

残念ながら週末は台無しのようです。
ここはひとつ、当、“Today's 英字新聞 翻訳、解説” のバックナンバーを読んで遊んでみては?

(^_-)-☆ 本日もお読みいただき有難うございました ♪
Nako


ertq.jpg   ar04_01.png  英字新聞 読解の基礎知識
                                        


ya_03.gif Website マイ HP
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ENGLISH & JAPANESE
http://junichikawagoe.web.fc2.com



ya_03.gif  本日記事の HULL TEXT

Friday, June 18, 2010

DPJ, LDP platforms test tax hike waters

Parties kick off unofficial campaigns for July 11 poll


By JUN HONGO and ALEX MARTIN
Staff writers

The ruling Democratic Party of Japan and the opposition camp unofficially began campaigning Thursday for the July 11 Upper House election, by releasing their platforms, and both sides seemed to be dancing around a tax hike.

In a precarious move, the DPJ decided to put priority on fiscal reform and economic recovery, but also announcing it will begin "nonpartisan negotiations on tax reforms, including a review of the consumption tax."

"Talking about the consumption tax has long been considered taboo" in politics, Prime Minister Naoto Kan said. "But we decided to break the ice and write about it in our manifesto."

Kan said he wants to put together a plan by March and secure a nonpartisan consensus. If a consensus can't be reached, the DPJ will propose its own plan, he said.

To do this, the DPJ might study a plan proposed by the conservative Liberal Democratic Party, the main opposition force, to hike the consumption tax to 10 percent "as a reference," he said.

The DPJ did not offer a time frame on raising the consumption tax, abiding by vows made by the administration of Yukio Hatoyama that Kan's Cabinet replaced last week.

In the general election last summer, the DPJ promised to keep the sales tax at 5 percent for the duration of the Lower House's term, although it later actively debated hiking it in the future.

Kan, who doubles as DPJ president, emphasized he will "quickly reach a conclusion" on the tax changes and hinted the party will likely shift its focus to debt control instead of stimulating public spending.

The DPJ platform says it will attempt to restore fiscal health and achieve a surplus in the primary balance in fiscal 2020. It also says it will begin formulating multiyear budgets in fiscal 2011 and draft a midterm fiscal framework, while keeping fresh bond issuances this year under the record-breaking \44 trillion issued in fiscal 2010.

On foreign policy, the DPJ said it will strengthen ties with the United States and pledged to follow through on the agreement to move U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Futenma elsewhere in Okinawa.

On ties with Asia, the party stuck with the previous administration's vows to create an "East Asian community" with China and South Korea, but also said it would ask Beijing to show more transparency in its military spending.

Other highlights of the DPJ's pledges include reducing the number of Upper House lawmakers by 40 from 242 at present, and reducing by 80 the number of Lower House lawmakers elected by proportional representation, which now stands at 180.

Among vows the DPJ revised is the monthly child allowance of \26,000 per child, which it is now apparently backing away from in favor of providing lower medical bills and other benefits.

A related revision will affect the child-allowance law hastily enacted in March by canceling payouts to children who reside outside Japan, the manifesto said.

The DPJ promised to keep working on pledges it failed to fulfill, including ending the provisional gas tax and making expressways toll-free. The free expressway deal was partially restrained by worries over its impact on the environment and other public transportation systems, it said. The provisional gas tax, it said, was upheld because of a sharp decline in tax income and lower gas prices.

The LDP's manifesto focused on rebuilding the economy, differentiating itself from the DPJ by making specific numerical proposals ― including doubling the consumption tax to 10 percent.

The LDP said it will aim for 4 percent growth in gross domestic product within the next three years and reducing the corporate tax rate from to 20 percent from 40 percent to give the nation an economic boost.

"We need to win the election in order to put the brakes on the DPJ administration," said LDP chief Sadakazu Tanigaki, who has promised to resign if his party fails to stop the DPJ from winning a majority in the Upper House.

The LDP also showed its conservative colors by vowing to draft a new Constitution and revise Clause 2 of the war-renouncing Article 9 so Japan can create a "self-defense army."

The LDP's platform also went out of its way to oppose certain DPJ policies, including granting local-level suffrage to permanent foreign residents and allowing married couples to use separate surnames.




   

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